Cavalier King Charles Spaniels

This Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Breed Description supplied by St Luke. CKCS colours include Tricolour, Blenheim, Ruby and Black & Tan.

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Country of Origin: England

Coat type: Smooth, long, silky hair with feathering on undercarriage, ears, tail and chest

Temperament: Affectionate, playful, devoted, fearless, intelligent, friendly, happy and eager to please

Size: Weight: 5.4-8kg and around 30 cms

Group: Toy

Original Purpose: Originally bred as a companion lap dog for the aristocracy 

Breed information and comments:

Oz Doggy would like to thank St Luke: for providing this breed information. 

General Description

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are the largest of the 'Toy' breeds and are a robust and loveable.  They love children and are a fearless and very intelligent little dog.  The 'Cavalier' fits well into most living situations, and thrive on human attention and companionship.  Cavalier King Charles Spaniels also get along very well with other dogs, cats and family pets.  They do require regular brushing to keep their long, silky coats tangle-free, but are content with one or two short walks or play periods each day.  Cavaliers are a great choice for families, singles, elderly or disabled dog-lovers, and people who live in the city.



Rich, chestnut markings well broken up on a clear, pearly white ground. The ears must be chestnut and the colour evenly spaced on the head and surrounding both eyes, with a white blaze between the eyes and ears, in the centre of which may be the lozenge or 'Blenheim spot.'  The lozenge is a unique and desirable, though not essential, characteristic of the Blenheim.



Jet black markings well broken up on a clear, pearly white ground.  The ears must be black and the colour evenly spaced on the head and surrounding both eyes, with a white blaze between the eyes.  Rich tan markings over the eyes, on cheeks, inside ears and on underside of tail.



Whole-coloured rich red.


Black and Tan: 

Jet black with rich, bright tan markings over eyes, on cheeks, inside ears, on chest, legs, and on underside of tail.


We are aware of portraits showing 'Toy' Spaniels since the 16th century and although the exact history of where their true origins is often debated we are very sure that there was a very close connection to the 'gentry' of the Royal Courts at this time.

During the 17th century many of the paintings and family portraits of well to do families showed a Toy Spaniel as a loved and integral part of family life and I suspect also as a status symbol.

Before the year 1926 the Toy Spaniel's muzzle was becoming shorter and more like a Pug or Pekingese.  It is in that year that an American gentleman called Roswell Eldrigde decided to show his concern about the loss of the original 'look' of the 'Toy' Spaniel and hold a competition at Crufts to re-invent our lovely breed and he offered a prize then of 25 pounds to the winner.

The first 'Cavalier King Charles Spaniel' was a Blenheim dog called 'Ann's Son'.  The 'Standard' was then drawn up by using the comparison between many pictures of 'Toy' Spaniels produced by a committee and having 'Ann's Son there as a live comparison.

If anyone would like more information on this history from the information I have please feel free to email me.

Grooming requirements

The Cavalier should be left 'natural' that is with regular brushing and no trimming, but this is of course dependant on environment as many people opt to trim or even have their Cavaliers clipped in hot weather.

A slicker brush and metal comb are necessary for general maintenance of this wonderful, silky, straight coat which with normal care and a good diet will glow.

As with all breeds at least weekly attention should be given to any matting and ears should be checked and claws trimmed also on a regular basis.

Temperament and personality

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a bright, outgoing breed that is happy in most environments and is a wonderful companion for all ages.

These littlies are intelligent and thrive on human attention... Indeed they themselves, I am sure, feel that they too are human!

When raised with love and well socialised they should show no aggression and be at ease in most situations.

Breed suitability

Popular mainly as a family companion the 'Cavalier' has a reputation for being eager to please and because of the low need for extreme exercise they fit easily into city or country life.

They are often used as 'Therapy' dogs because of their wonderful temperaments and their ability to empathise with those they meet.  Often showing a totally different side of themselves to suit the situation.

When choosing your Cavalier

The Cavalier is a generally very healthy breed who with regular, moderate exercise and a good balanced diet should live a wonderful life.

There are however some 'lines', (families) who are genetically disposed to a serious heart problem, which sometimes causes early death.  When selecting one of these dogs, it is extremely important to check the medical history of several previous generations.


Dog Details

Oz Doggy ID:3585
Name Of Dog:St Luke
Breed:Cavalier King Charles Spaniel


Contact:Cherie Luke
Phone:C/O Ozdoggy

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